Gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) is a common condition, where acid from the stomach leaks up into the oesophagus (gullet).
It usually occurs as a result of the ring of muscle at the bottom of the oesophagus becoming weakened. Read more about the causes of GORD.
GORD causes symptoms such as heartburn and an unpleasant taste in the back of the mouth. It may just be an occasional nuisance for some people, but for others it can be a severe, lifelong problem.
GORD can often be controlled with self-help measures and medication. Occasionally, surgery to correct the problem may be needed.
This page covers:
Symptoms of GORD can include:
Read more about the symptoms of GORD.
You can often control the symptoms of GORD by making some lifestyle changes and taking over-the-counter medication.
See treatments for GORD for more information.
You don't necessarily need to see your GP if you only have symptoms occasionally. Ask your pharmacist for advice on treatments.
Visit your GP if you're worried about your symptoms, or if:
Your GP will usually be able to diagnose GORD based on your symptoms, although they may refer you for some tests.
Read more about diagnosing GORD.
The main treatments for GORD are:
You may only need to take medication when you experience symptoms, although long-term treatment may be needed if the problem continues.
Surgery to stop stomach acid leaking into your oesophagus may be recommended if medication isn't helping, or you don't want to take medication on a long-term basis.
Read more about the treatments for GORD.
If you have GORD for a long time, stomach acid can damage your oesophagus and cause further problems.
Read more about the complications of GORD.